Given today’s trends, I’m betting most of us would agree that EMRs need to evolve from transaction-based to intelligence based systems. They need to do better leveraging “big data,” make context-based care recommendations and support smart processes. John likes to call them “Smart EMR,” but what would such an EMR look like?
In a recent issue of Hospitals & Health Networks, Dr. John Glaser, Ph.D., lays out a long– but useful– explanation as to why EMRs are stiffly focused on transactions such as documenting a visit or writing a prescription. (Very short summary: That’s just where they are coming from historically.) Then he offers a take on the “intelligence-based EMR” and what it will take to get there.
Glaser, CEO of the Health Services Business for Siemens Healthcare, was formerly VP and CIO for Partners HealthCare, so he’s got both the vendor and the care provider view, which I think proves very useful for this discussion.
In his article, he argues that the next-gen EMR needs to offer the following:
- foundational sets of templates, guidelines and order sets that reflect the best evidence or established best practice;
- a process-management infrastructure that supports basic transaction checking such as drug-drug interactions, as well as asynchronous alerting like panic lab reporting and process monitoring and guidance;
- team-based care support such as shared work lists, as well as tools for patient engagement and health information exchange;
- novel decision aids like predictive models that can tell us if a particular patient is likely to be readmitted because he or she is fragile or has a substandard social situation at home that may negatively impact healing;
- context-aware order sets and documentation templates that guide the physician and help infer what types of orders should be placed and what types of documentation should be done
- intelligent displays of data, intelligent correction and identification of data, and extraction of structure by going through free text and pulling out quality measures or problems that were not previously in a patient’s problem list, for example.
The question is, are these functions science fiction (i.e. many years away from being standard) or just an evolutionary leap from today’s systems? What are you seeing out there?