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Almost 20 Percent of CDS Alert Dismissals May Be Inappropriate

Posted on April 13, 2018 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare consultant and analyst with 20 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. Contact her at @ziegerhealth on Twitter or visit her site at Zieger Healthcare.

The number of alerts generated by clinical decision support systems can be overwhelming for clinicians. It’s little wonder that the Joint Commission has long identified alert fatigue as a critical safety issue for providers, particularly given how many turn out to be unimportant or even irrelevant.

Unfortunately, however, there’s a flipside to this issue. Sometimes, CDS alerts can actually prevent care problems, clearly suggesting that clinicians shouldn’t dismiss them out of hand either. In fact, recently-published research found that at least in an ICU setting, overriding alerts might be associated with patient harm.

The study, which appeared in BMJ Quality & Safety, focused on the nature and impact of medication-related CDS overrides in the ICU. To conduct the analysis, the authors gathered data on adults admitted to any of six ICUs between July 2016 and April 2017.

The research team looked at a total of 2,448 overridden alerts from 712 unique patient encounters. The studies looked at patients with provider-overridden CDS alerts for dose, drug allergies, drug-drug interaction, geriatric and renal alerts. They also looked at how frequently patients suffered adverse drug events following alert overrides and the risk of adverse drug events given the appropriateness of the overrides.

A team of two independent reviewers concluded that while 81.6% of the overrides were appropriate, the roughly 19% remaining were inappropriate.

Researchers found that inappropriate overrides were associated with a greater risk of adverse drug events. In addition, they concluded that they could find more potential and definite adverse drug events following inappropriate overrides than appropriate overrides. They also found that inappropriate overrides were associated with an increased risk of adverse drug events.

Overall, inappropriate overrides were six times as likely to be associated with potential and definite adverse drug events.  That’s too big a correlation to ignore.

One thing the study doesn’t comment on is how the alerts were presented. Given that they may have been presented through multiple interfaces, the question arises of how big a difference those interfaces make in how clinicians respond to alerts. It could be that these interfaces have more impact than the clinical content of the alerts.

Bottom line, this problem may very well fall under the larger umbrella of usability problems. Just one more reason why the industry needs to keep a laser focus on improving usability in HIT across the board.

JCAHO Parody Video – Fun Friday

Posted on April 28, 2017 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 10 blogs containing over 8000 articles with John having written over 4000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 16 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John is co-founder of InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and LinkedIn.

It’s Friday, so time for a little humor. Every week we could likely choose one of ZDoggMD‘s videos. Ever since he lost his job running a clinic, he’s been on a tear creating healthcare videos. What else is a doctor with no clinic going to do when he’s in Vegas? Now we know the answer.

I could have chosen a ton of different videos, but I think this one is going to really hit home with a lot of people who’ve had to deal with JCAHO in their organization.

Here are two lines from the video which made us laugh the most:

“JCAHO, I wrote an entire note, using only poo emojis”

and

“I got an email from a lovely gentleman, who was a Nigerian prince…Having some financial difficulties…And I gave him my EHR password.”

Only ZDoggMD!

New Patient Safety Standards Proposed For EHR Certification

Posted on July 11, 2011 I Written By

Katherine Rourke is a healthcare journalist who has written about the industry for 30 years. Her work has appeared in all of the leading healthcare industry publications, and she's served as editor in chief of several healthcare B2B sites.

Here’s a proposal that could make Meaningful Use standards and vendor certification programs more valuable. Authors writing for the Journal of the American Medical Association have suggested that the Joint Commission’s National Patient Safety Goals for 2011 be included in EHR certification and MU criteria.

Here’s how the JAMA authors suggest linking EHR standards with the NPSG list:

* Patient identification:  EHRs can and should make patient identification more reliable, in part by including patient photos. EHRs should also require caregivers to re-enter patient initials if patients seem to have similar names, the comment suggests.

* Physician notification:  EHRs should not only ping physicians when a patient has abnormal test results, but also require doctors to respond by a given deadline, according to the article.

* Improving medication safety:  As long as they don’t warp clinical workflow and create additional risk of error, EHRs should support bar code med administration and clinical decision support, the JAMA authors say.

* Infection control:  EHRs should track patients with dangerous infections, and also offer checklists which can improve clinicians’ compliance with IC protocols, according to the proposal.

* Medication reconciliation:  One of the most obvious ways the NPSGs, Meaningful Use and EHRs can work together is to support appropriate med reconciliation, particularly by improving interoperability between med lists across organizations and varied EHRs, the writers suggest.

* Suicide risk:  Here’s an intriguing idea. The authors argue that EHRs should include a checklist to assess risk for patient self-harm, as well as notifying clinicians for patients who should be screened for depression.

As an analyst, rather than clinician, I don’t have any direct comments on the list of safety proposals. But I must say that from my perspective, this approach seems smart, practical and even better, focused.  Adding specific patient safety goals to EHR standards — rather than debating over broad safety issues — looks like a great idea.  Am I missing something here, or do you share my enthusiasm?